Breastfeeding: The Best Start for Mother and Baby
Most mothers can breastfeed their babies. Breast milk is sufficient as the sole food for infants for the first six months after birth. It not only satisfies hunger, but at the same time provides exactly as much liquid as the baby needs. It is also rich in substances that promote your baby’s growth and overall health. Breastfeeding your baby strengthens their body's defenses against disease, and better protects them against allergies and infections. In addition, close skin contact also strengthens the emotional bond between you and your child. Last but not least, many parents find breastfeeding convenient. Breast milk is always at the right temperature and is always available. You will have these benefits even if you are only partially breastfeeding your baby.
Breastfeeding is often called the most natural thing in the world. But that doesn't mean it always works out right away. Difficulties breastfeeding occur quite often, especially in the beginning. This is due to the fact that newborns have a very small mouth. Some of them don't get the nipple deep enough into their mouths yet because of this. This can cause the baby to accidentally squeeze the mother's nipple too hard and hurt it. In other cases, the baby does not yet manage to drink at the breast and suck the milk properly. You may also feel that you are producing too little or too much milk for your baby. Have an experienced midwife or lactation consultant show you how to help the baby latch on properly. Then the problem is usually solved quickly. If that's not the case, there are plenty of tools out there to help you breastfeed successfully. For example, a midwife or lactation consultant might advise you to pump milk from the breast for a while and give it to your baby with a bottle.
Breastfeeding With HIV and Hepatitis
In principle, both HIV and hepatitis viruses can be detected in breast milk. However, the baby’s risk of infection depends on various factors and is different for each pregnant person. However, detecting HIV or hepatitis early can help reduce the risk of your baby getting these diseases. The most important thing is to talk to all your doctors about your condition. In addition, you should look for a paediatrician's practice before the birth and confide in the staff there. This way your child can be well cared for and extensively examined after birth.
Nutrition While Breastfeeding
When you are breastfeeding, your diet should be similarly healthy to your pregnancy diet. Then your breast milk is the perfect food for your baby and contains everything they need to grow and develop in the first weeks and months. Problems usually only occur with malnutrition, alcohol or drug use, and certain diseases. These are, for example, severe diarrhea and vomiting. It is good to know that some foods change the color, aroma and taste of breast milk when you eat corresponding dishes. This applies to beetroot, carrots and seaweed, as well as garlic, curry, asparagus and eucalyptus. But there are no disadvantages for your baby.